Statistics and information about the Gowanus community:
The Gowanus Canal abuts and connects the communities of Red Hook, Carroll Gardens, Gowanus, Park Slope, Boerum Hill and Cobble Hill. 

Political Districts:
District 33
District 38
District 39


a portion of Brooklyn Community Board 2
Brooklyn Community Board 6


Statistics
Population:
2000 Park Slope/ Gowanus (11215) 63,001
2007 Park Slope/ Gowanus (11215) 65,047

2000 Carroll Gardens/ Cobble Hill/ Red Hook (11231) 32,974
2007 Carroll Gardens/ Cobble Hill/ Red Hook (11231) 35,825

Households w/ Children
Park Slope/ Gowanus (11215) 47.7%
Carroll Gardens/ Cobble Hill/ Red Hook (11231) 49.5%

Households with 1 vehicle
Park Slope/ Gowanus (11215) 39%
Carroll Gardens/ Cobble Hill/ Red Hook (11231) 34%

Commute to work using mass transit
Park Slope/ Gowanus (11215) 68%
Carroll Gardens/ Cobble Hill/ Red Hook (11231) 64%

Average Household income
Park Slope/ Gowanus (11215) $90,450
Carroll Gardens/ Cobble Hill/ Red Hook (11231) $86,056

Median Household income
Park Slope/ Gowanus (11215) $66,132
Carroll Gardens/ Cobble Hill/ Red Hook (11231) $53,516

Area Schools
Public:
PS 27, PS 29, PS 32, PS 58, PS 77, PS 321, PS 282, PS 107
Middle School 378
School for Global Studies
School for International Studies
New Horizons School
Math and Science Studies School

Private:
Hannah Senesh School
Montessori School
Berkeley Carroll School
Hanson Place School

A Brief History of the (Still Not Done) Clean Up of the Gowanus Canal
1869 - US Army Core of Engineers (ACOE) dredges the Gowanus Creek to create the Gowanus Canal.  The canal is created without locks, and therefore cannot be drained or flushed for cleaning.
1890 - Bond Street sewer pipe line is built to carry raw sewage out of the neighborhood.
1911 - Flushing Tunnel installed at the extreme north end of the canal, pumping in fresh water via a tunnel from Buttermilk Channel.
1955 - ACOE stops dredging the canal.
1960 - Flushing system pump is damaged.
1975 - The City of New York establishes the Gowanus Industrial Renewal Plan (in effect until the year 2011).
1982 - New York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) plans to reactivate the Flushing Tunnel pump.
1994 - The DEP actually starts up the project.
1999 - The Flushing Tunnel was finally reactivated in 1999.
1987 - The $230 million Red Hook Water Pollution Control Plant is built but cannot handle raw sewage overflow from the sewer system's 14 Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) points.
1999 - Assemblywoman Joan Millman allocates $100,000 to the Gowanus Canal Community Development Corporation (GCCDC) to produce and distribute a bulkhead study and public access document.
1999 - US House of Representatives subcommittee on Transportation and Infrastructure authorizes a reconnaissance study to determine the feasibility of environmental restoration and protection of the aquatic, wetland and adjacent land.
2000 - GCCDC receives $270,000 from the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation to construct three street-end public open spaces along the Gowanus Canal through the city's Green Street program.
2001 - GCCDC receives $270,000 from Governor George E. Pataki to create a revitalization plan.
2002 - GDCDC receives $100,000 in capital funds to implement a pilot project on the shoreline.
2002 - the ACOE entered into a cost-sharing agreement with the NYS DEP to collaborate on a $5 million Ecosystem Restoration Feasibility Study of the Gowanus Canal area to be completed in 2005, studying possible alternatives for ecosystem restoration such as dredging, and wetland and habitat restoration. Stakeholders include NYS DEC, HEP (Harbor Estuary Program) and the GCDC.
2002 - The DEP also initiated the Gowanus Canal Use and Standards Attainment project, to meet the City's obligations under the Clean Water Act.
2003 - Congresswoman Nydia Velázquez allocates an additional $225,000 to create a comprehensive community development plan.
2004 - A public promenade is built with private funds adjacent to the Lowes Home Center parking lot.
2009 - US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes Superfund designation for the canal.

Online map and aerial images of the canal area.

The canal’s history, previously attempted remediation and developments through 2005 are documented at Wikipedia

Plans and projects under development underway around the canal:
NYC Planning Gowanus Canal Corridor
Hudson Companies Gowanus Green
Toll Brothers Gowanus


Renovation of the Smith and 9th Street Subway Station:
NY Times coverage

For updates check:
Department of City Planning/ Brooklyn Office